Dr. Gina Vale is a Lecturer of Criminology in the Department of Sociology, Social Policy, and Criminology at the University of Southampton. She earned her PhD in War Studies at King’s College London. Her research takes an intersectional, feminist approach to understanding terrorism and political violence, specialising in the recruitment and roles of women and children. Dr. Vale has academic and professional experience in Europe, the Middle East, and Sub-Saharan Africa, and has conducted extensive fieldwork in internally displaced persons camps in Northern Iraq and Iraqi Kurdistan. Her research has been published by Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, Critical Studies on Terrorism, Small Wars & Insurgencies, CTC Sentinel, and Conflict, Security & Development, among others.