Kamaran Palani is a Research Officer at the London School of Economics and Political Science’s Middle East Centre. He obtained his MA in Global Security from Keele University, UK, in 2014, and completed his PhD at Leiden University in the Netherlands in 2021. His research broadly focuses on the dynamics of peace and conflict in Iraq with a specific focus on preventing violent extremism, de facto statehood, power-sharing, and ethnic politics. Kamaran has published his research in esteemed journals such as International Peacekeeping, Third World Quarterly, Ethnopolitics, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, and International Migration. He is also the author of the book, Kurdistan’s De Facto Statehood: A New Explanatory Framework (Routledge, 2022).