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Policy Brief

Pathways of Foreign Fighters: Policy Options and Their (Un)Intended Consequences

In this Policy Brief, Dr. Alastair Reed, Jeanine de Roy van Zuijdewijn and Prof. Dr. Edwin Bakker look at the (un)intended consequences of policies addressing the foreign fighter phenomenon on the different pathways foreign fighters could take once they have arrived in Syria or Iraq. They specifically focus on four policies: reintegration programmes, prosecution of returning foreign fighters, revoking nationality of foreign fighters and finally, military interventions against foreign fighters.

How to cite: Bakker, E., Reed, A.  and J. de Roy van Zuijdewijn. "Pathways of Foreign Fighters: Policy Options and Their (Un)Intended Consequences", The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism- The Hague 6, no. 1 (2015). DOI: