Jacob Aasland Ravndal is Research Fellow at the Center for Research on Extremism (C-REX) at the University of Oslo. Before that, Ravndal was a doctoral candidate and Research Fellow at the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI). His PhD thesis investigates the evolution of right-wing terrorism in post-WWII Western Europe. Previously, he has studied the use of intelligence in international military operations, cyber security, and protection of civilians in armed conflicts. His current research interests include the relationship between left- and right-wing militancy and violence, terrorist tactics, online radicalisation, and the use of intelligence in domestic counterterrorism operations. He also previously served as an ICCT Editorial Board member.