Marc Hecker is Deputy Director of the French Institute of International Relations (Ifri) and editor-in-chief of Politique étrangère. He holds a PhD in political science from University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne and taught for many years a course on terrorism at Sciences Po. He published several books including La Guerre de vingt ans (Robert Laffont, 2021 with Elie Tenenbaum), Intifada française? (Ellipses, 2012) and War 2.0: Irregular Warfare in the Information Age (Praeger, 2009 with Thomas Rid; translated in Chinese in 2011). His articles appeared in major journals (Policy ReviewInternationale PolitikCommentaireEtudes, etc.).