This policy brief aims to dismantle four pervasive assumptions hindering effective Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) in the field of Preventing/Countering Violent Extremism (P/CVE). Drawing from the Dutch experience and international experience, the brief illuminates how these assumptions can be addressed to improve policy outcomes. It delves into challenges surrounding the measurability of prevention and non-events, the abstraction of key concepts, political sensitivities, and perceived time constraints. Offering pragmatic solutions, the Dutch Toolkit for Evidence-Based Work to Prevent Radicalisation is presented as a case study, demonstrating how structured formats and evidence-based methodologies can enhance the efficiency and credibility of M&E practices. The brief concludes with five actionable recommendations aimed at policymakers, urging the adoption of nuanced M&E approaches, transparency, SMART indicators, optimised resource allocation, and evidence-based decision-making.
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21 Dec 2023