This paper highlights the challenges for training professionals to enable gender-sensitive rehabilitation and reintegration interventions for children returning to Europe from the conflict zone in Iraq and Syria. The paper identifies the need for gender-sensitive training and responses based on a) the gendered experiences of children while in Iraq or Syria and b) the gender-blind provisions for their return to date. The paper also emphasises the importance of age-appropriate consideration based on age on arrival and departure and the length of time they spent in the conflict zone.
van Ark, R. The Caliphate’s Women and Children—What Role can the Family Courts play? (Part 2). Perspective, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism, 26 August 2019.
van Ginkel, B., Wentworth, M. and Mehra, T. The Expanding Use of Administrative Measures in a Counter-Terrorism Context – Part 2: In Need of a Gender and Age-Sensitive Approach. Policy Brief, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism, 29 November 2021.
van der Heide, L. and Geenen, J. Children of the Caliphate: Young IS Returnees and the Reintegration Challenge. Perspective, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism, 28 August 2017.