Authorities are increasingly worried about the large number of Western foreign fighters present in Syria. However, the conflict in Syria is not the first to attract foreign fighters. In this Background Note, Jeanine de Roy van Zuijdewijn and Prof. Dr. Edwin Bakker investigate three historical cases of foreign fighting: Afghanistan (1980s), Bosnia (1990s) and Somalia (2000s). In this Background Note they aim to give insight into what happened to these foreign fighters after their fight abroad had ended. The authors distinguish eight possible pathways for foreign fighters that can help to contribute to a more nuanced understanding of this complex phenomenon.
Read the Background Note.
How to cite: Roy van Zuijdewijn, J. de. and Edwin Bakker. "Returning Western Foreign Fighters: The Case of Afghanistan, Bosnia and Somalia." The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism - The Hague 5, no. 2 (2014). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19165/2014.2.02